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Between July 1969 and December 1972, six Apollo missions, by photo credit,Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
Apollo 14 eighth manned mission of the United States Apollo program launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on January 31, 1971 and the third to lunar landing on the Moon with two-day stays on the Moon with two lunar EVAs, or moonwalks. Commander Alan Shepard, Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa, and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar Mitchell launched on their nine-day mission on Sunday, January 31, 1971, at 4:03:02 p.m. EST. Liftoff was delayed forty minutes and two seconds, due to launch site weather restrictions, the first such delay in the Apollo program. Shepard and Mitchell made their lunar landing on February 5 in the Fra Mauro formation highlands, same as those of Apollo 13.
Moon rocks were collected, and several scientific experiments were performed significantly greater quantity of lunar material and scientific data than had been possible previously. An innovation that allowed an increase in the range of lunar surface exploration and the amount of material collected was the provision of a collapsible, two-wheeled cart, the modular equipment transporter (MET), for carrying tools, cameras, a portable magnetometer, and lunar samples.
While Shepard and Mitchell were on the surface, Roosa remained in lunar orbit aboard the Command/Service Module Kitty Hawk, performing scientific experiments and photographing the Moon, including the landing site of the future Apollo 16 mission. He took several hundred seeds on the mission, many of which were germinated on return, resulting in the so-called Moon trees. Shepard, Roosa, and Mitchell landed in the Pacific Ocean on February 9.
Apollo 11 – Landed 20 July 1969
Apollo 12 – Landed 19 Nov 1969
Apollo 14 – Landed 5 February 1971
Apollo 15 – Landed 30 July 1971
Apollo 16 – Landed 21 April 1972
Apollo 17 – Landed 11 Dec 1972
Photo Credit: NASA
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